Rheumatoid inflammation is characterised by the production of rheumatoid factor antibodies directed against denatured IgG. Oxygen free radicals have the potential to denature all manner of proteins and can be generated by activated phagocytic cells in the inflamed joint. By modifying routine ELISA and nephelometric procedures for measuring rheumatoid factor, (i.e. substituting free radical altered IgG for rabbit and heat aggregated IgG as antigens) we have observed that oxygen radicals, generated by (1) UV light and (2) PMA-activated neutrophils, give rise to monomeric and polymeric forms of IgG which have increased reactivity towards IgM and IgA polyclonal rheumatoid factor antibodies. We conclude that free radical alteration of IgG may be a stimulus to the formation of immune complexes with rheumatoid factor antibody, thereby promoting and amplifying tissue damage during rheumatoid inflammation.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology|
|Publication status||Published - 1988|
- Rheumatoid inflammation
- free radical
- denaturing protein
- activated phagocytic cell
- tissue damage
Lunec, J., Griffiths, H. R., & Brailsford, S. (1988). Oxygen free radicals denature human IgG and increase its reactivity with rheumatoid factor antibody. Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology, 75(Supplement), 140-7.