Panel Adjustment and Error Analysis for a Large Active Main Reflector Antenna by Using the Panel Adjustment Matrix

Peiyuan Lian, Congsi Wang, Song Xue, Qian Xu, Na Wang, Binbin Xiang, Yu Shi, Yu Jia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Active panels are generally applied in large aperture and high-frequency reflector antennas, and the precise calculation of the actuator adjustment value is of great importance. First, the approximation relationship between the adjustment value and panel elastic deformation is established. Subsequently, a panel adjustment matrix for the whole reflector is derived to calculate the reflector deformation caused by the actuator adjustment. Next, the root mean square (rms) error of the deformed reflector is expressed as a quadratic form in the matrix form, and the adjustment value can be derived easily and promptly from the corresponding extreme value. The solution is expected to be unique and optimal since the aforementioned quadratic form is a convex function. Finally, a 35 m reflector antenna is adopted to perform the panel adjustments, and the effect of the adjustment errors is discussed. The results show that compared with the traditional model, where the panel elastic deformation is not considered, the proposed method exhibits a higher accuracy and is more suitable for use in large reflectors with a high operation frequency. The adjustment errors in different rings exert different influences on the gain and sidelobe level, which can help determine the actuator distribution with different precisions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6351-6363
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number10
Early online date5 Apr 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2021

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  • Active panel
  • Error analysis
  • Panel adjustment matrix
  • Power pattern
  • Reflector antenna


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