Personal thermal management - A review on strategies, progress, and prospects

Uzair Sajjad, Khalid Hamid, Tauseef-ur-Rehman, Muhammad Sultan, Naseem Abbas, Hafiz Muhammad Ali*, Muhammad Imran, M. Muneeshwaran, Jui Yang Chang, Chi Chuan Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The upsurge in the demand of energy saving along with diverse personal thermal management prerequisites urge the industry to develop various personal thermoregulation devices. Particularly, the people exposed to harsh/hot environments are especially in need for the portable cooling option to protect themselves. In line with this, lot of effective thermal management strategies with increased wearer's comfort have been developed and tested. This review consolidates various active cooled garments, passive cooled garments, intelligent textiles, and hybrid-cooling garments. The cooling garments based on air cooling, liquid cooling, evaporative cooling (membrane based evaporative cooling and vacuum desiccant cooling), micro fans ventilation, thermoelectric cooling, and vapor compression cycle-based cooling are reviewed in detail. Moreover, cooling garments based on phase change materials (PCMs), shape memory alloys (SMAs), and some hybrid cooling techniques (such as air cooling with PCMs and liquid cooling with PCMs) are discussed. Furthermore, radiative and conductive cooling-based textiles are elaborated in details. The concept of each category is addressed, followed by different developed designs in the literatures along with their associated applications, merits, and downfalls. Finally, an outlook is presented related to the opportunities and challenges.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105739
JournalInternational Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer
Early online date9 Dec 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to thank for the financial support from Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan , under contract numbers 108-2811-E-009-539 and 108-2622-E-009-027-CC2 .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021


  • Cooling
  • Human thermoregulation
  • Personal thermal management (PTM)
  • Phase change materials (PCMs)
  • Thermoregulation


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