The structure of fiber Bragg gratings inscribed pointby-point by an infrared femtosecond laser is studied by quantitative phase microscopy. Results show that these gratings present a central region with a depressed refractive index surrounded by an outer corona with increased refractive index. The refractive index profile suggests the presence of microvoids embedded in a region of the core. © 2006 IEEE.
- femtosecond microfabrication
- fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs)