Physicochemical properties of Pt-SO4/Al2O3 alkane oxidation catalysts

David E. Gawthrope, Adam F. Lee, Karen Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A series of sulfated alumina catalysts were synthesised by wet impregnation with sulfate-containing solutions. The degree of surface sulfation and corresponding surface acidity could be readily tuned by varying the molarity of impregnating solution. Strong acid treatments (>0.1 M) induced aluminium-sulfate crystallisation with a concomitant decrease in porosity and surface acidity. Platinum-doped sulfated aluminas showed enhanced activity towards methane, ethane and propane combustion. Activity scaled with the degree of accessible surface sulfate and platinum loading, however C-H bond scission appeared rate-limiting over both pure and presulfated aluminas. The magnitude of sulfate-promoted propane oxidation was greatest under heavily oxidising conditions (C3H6∶O2 > 1:20) but independent of Pt loading, confirming that support-mediated alkane activation is the dominant factor in the promotional mechanism.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3907-3914
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume6
Issue number14
Early online date25 May 2004
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jul 2004

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Alkanes
alkanes
Aluminum Oxide
sulfates
Sulfates
catalysts
Oxidation
Propane
oxidation
Catalysts
aluminum oxides
Platinum
Acidity
acidity
propane
platinum
sulfation
impregnating
Ethane
Methane

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Gawthrope, David E. ; Lee, Adam F. ; Wilson, Karen. / Physicochemical properties of Pt-SO4/Al2O3 alkane oxidation catalysts. In: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. 2004 ; Vol. 6, No. 14. pp. 3907-3914.
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Physicochemical properties of Pt-SO4/Al2O3 alkane oxidation catalysts. / Gawthrope, David E.; Lee, Adam F.; Wilson, Karen.

In: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 6, No. 14, 21.07.2004, p. 3907-3914.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - A series of sulfated alumina catalysts were synthesised by wet impregnation with sulfate-containing solutions. The degree of surface sulfation and corresponding surface acidity could be readily tuned by varying the molarity of impregnating solution. Strong acid treatments (>0.1 M) induced aluminium-sulfate crystallisation with a concomitant decrease in porosity and surface acidity. Platinum-doped sulfated aluminas showed enhanced activity towards methane, ethane and propane combustion. Activity scaled with the degree of accessible surface sulfate and platinum loading, however C-H bond scission appeared rate-limiting over both pure and presulfated aluminas. The magnitude of sulfate-promoted propane oxidation was greatest under heavily oxidising conditions (C3H6∶O2 > 1:20) but independent of Pt loading, confirming that support-mediated alkane activation is the dominant factor in the promotional mechanism.

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