Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser

Veronika Tsatourian, Sergey V. Sergeyev, Chengbo Mou, Alex Rozhin, Vitaly Mikhailov, Bryan Rabin, Paul S. Westbrook, Sergei K. Turitsyn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Two fundamental laser physics phenomena - dissipative soliton and polarisation of light are recently merged to the concept of vector dissipative soliton (VDS), viz. train of short pulses with specific state of polarisation (SOP) and shape defined by an interplay between anisotropy, gain/loss, dispersion, and nonlinearity. Emergence of VDSs is both of the fundamental scientific interest and is also a promising technique for control of dynamic SOPs important for numerous applications from nano-optics to high capacity fibre optic communications. Using specially designed and developed fast polarimeter, we present here the first experimental results on SOP evolution of vector soliton molecules with periodic polarisation switching between two and three SOPs and superposition of polarisation switching with SOP precessing. The underlying physics presents an interplay between linear and circular birefringence of a laser cavity along with light induced anisotropy caused by polarisation hole burning.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3154
JournalScientific Reports
Publication statusPublished - 6 Nov 2013

Bibliographical note

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/

Support of the ERC, EPSRC (project UNLOC, EP/J017582/1), grant of the Russian Ministry of Education and Science Federation (agreement N11.519.11.4001), European Research Council (ULTRALASER) and FP7-PEOPLE-2012 IAPP (project GRIFFON, No 324391) is acknowledged.


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