This chapter provides an introduction to police-suspect interview discourse, focusing on its role as evidence in the criminal justice system. It describes its unique nature as a multi-mode, multi-purpose, multi-context form of discourse, and discusses the practical ‘real-world’ consequences. We trace the path of interview discourse through the criminal justice system from the original interview itself through to its use as evidence at trial. This process is illustrated by using data from authentic police interviews conducted by various police forces across England, and extracts from the trial of Dr Harold Shipman. Interview data are used by a variety of different audiences, such as the police, Crown Prosecution Service, trial lawyers, judge and jury, yet each has a different agenda. Through close, detailed data analysis we consider how the competing demands of both present and future audiences affect the dynamics of the interaction itself, and how well the evidential needs of those future audiences are met. In particular we compare how the interview meets the comparative needs of Prosecution and Defence at trial. The chapter also highlights the changes in format which interview data undergo through the judicial process. The original interaction is audio-recorded, and the recording is then converted to a written transcript. This transcript is then converted back to audio format by being read aloud in court. We consider how this transformation of the data affects its integrity as evidence.
|Title of host publication||Routledge Handbook of Forensic Linguistics, Second Edition|
|Editors||Malcolm Coulthard, Alison May, Rui Sousa-Silva|
|Publication status||Published - 25 Nov 2020|
|Name||Routledge Handbooks in Applied Linguistics|
This is an Accepted Manuscript of a book chapter published by Routledge/CRC Press in The Routledge Handbook of Forensic Linguistics on 25 November 2020, available online: https://www.routledge.com/The-Routledge-Handbook-of-Forensic-Linguistics/Coulthard-May-Sousa-Silva/p/book/9780367137847