Polymorphism in Spin Transition Systems. Crystal Structure, Magnetic Properties, and Mössbauer Spectroscopy of Three Polymorphic Modifications of [Fe(DPPA)(NCS)2] [DPPA = (3-Aminopropyl)bis(2-pyridylmethyl)amine]

Galina S. Matouzenko, Azzedine Bousseksou, Sylvain Lecocq, Petra J. van Koningsbruggen, Monique Perrin, Olivier Kahn, André Collet

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Three polymorphic modifications A-C of [Fe(II)(DPPA)(NCS)(2)], where DPPA = (3-aminopropyl)bis(2-pyridylmethyl)amine is a new tetradentate ligand, have been synthesized, and their structures, magnetic properties, and Mössbauer spectra have been investigated. For polymorph A, variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements as well as Mössbauer spectroscopy have revealed the occurrence of a rather gradual HS if LS transition without hysteresis, centered at about 176 K. The same methods have shown that polymorph B is paramagnetic over the temperature range 4.5-295 K, whereas polymorph C exhibits a very abrupt S = 2 if S = 0 transition with a hysteresis. The hysteresis width is 8 K, the transitions being centered at T(c) downward arrow = 112 K for decreasing and T(c) upward arrow = 120 K for increasing temperatures. The crystal structures of the three polymorphs have been solved by X-ray diffraction at 298 K. Polymorph A is triclinic, space group P&onemacr; with Z = 2, a = 8.710(2) Å, b = 15.645(2) Å, c = 7.985(1) Å, alpha = 101.57(1) degrees, beta = 112.59(2) degrees, and gamma = 82.68(2) degrees. Polymorph B is monoclinic, space group P2(1)/c with Z = 4, a = 8.936(2) Å, b = 16.855(4) Å, c = 13.645(3) Å, and beta = 97.78(2) degrees. Polymorph C is orthorhombic, space group Pbca with Z = 8, a = 8.449(2) Å, b = 14.239(2) Å, and c = 33.463(5) Å. In the three polymorphs, the asymmetric units are almost identical and consist of one chiral complex molecule with the same configuration and conformation. The distorted [FeN(6)] octahedron is formed by four nitrogen atoms belonging to DPPA and two provided by the cis thiocyanate groups. The two pyridine rings of DPPA are in fac positions. The main differences between the structures of the three polymorphs are found in their crystal packing. The stabilization of the high-spin ground state of polymorph B is tentatively explained by the presence of two centers of steric strain in the crystal lattice resulting in the elongation of the Fe-N(aromatic) distance. The observed hysteresis in polymorph C seems to be due to the existence of an array of intermolecular contacts in the crystal lattice making the spin transition more cooperative than in polymorph A.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5869-5879
Number of pages11
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number25
Publication statusPublished - 1997


  • polymorphic modifications
  • Mössbauer spectrum
  • pyridine rings


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