The Saccharomyces cerevisiae MIP channel Fps1p plays an important role in yeast osmoregulation by exporting glycerol. Glycerol accumulates in the cell as a compatible osmolyte during hyperosmotic conditions and is exported once conditions become hypotonic. A gpd1 gpd2 mutant is unable to produce glycerol and is therefore very sensitive to high concentrations of polyols in the growth medium. The sensitivity to C3, C4 and C5, but not C6 polyols, is suppressed by expression of truncated, hyperactive Fps1p. This is because the polyols can then equilibrate over the membrane and hence the concentration gradient collapses. This experiments reveals the substrate spectrum of Fps1p. The system can be used in different ways. For instance, growth assays on different polyols elucidate the substrate range of heterologous channels such as that of the rat aquaglyceroporin AQP9. In addition, the same system is used to search for novel hyperactive mutants of Fps1p, which provide additional information on the mechanism underlying channel regulation. Finally we illustrate that the gpd1 gpd2 double mutant expressing hyperactive Fps1p can be used to manipulate activation and deactivation of the HOG pathway, contributing to our understanding of the control of this osmoregulatory system.
|Issue number||Suppl. 1|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|