Potential risk factors for medication non-adherence in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Maher R. Khdour, Ahmed F. Hawwa, Joseph C. Kidney, Bronagh M. Smyth, James C. McElnay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims - To investigate the effect of a range of demographic and psychosocial variables on medication adherence in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients managed in a secondary care setting.
Methods - A total of 173 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of COPD, recruited from an outpatient clinic in Northern Ireland, participated in the study. Data collection was carried out via face-to-face interviews and through review of patients’ medical charts. Social and demographic variables, co-morbidity, self-reported drug adherence (Morisky scale), Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) scale, COPD knowledge, Health Belief Model (HBM) and self-efficacy scales were determined for each patient.
Results - Participants were aged 67 ± 9.7 (mean ± SD) years, 56 % female and took a mean (SD) of 8.2 ± 3.4 drugs. Low adherence with medications was present in 29.5 % of the patients. Demographic variables (gender, age, marital status, living arrangements and occupation) were not associated with adherence. A range of clinical and psychosocial variables, on the other hand, were found to be associated with medication adherence, i.e. beliefs regarding medication effectiveness, severity of COPD, smoking status, presence of co-morbid illness, depressed mood, self-efficacy, perceived susceptibility and perceived barriers within the HBM (p < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that perceived ineffectiveness of medication, presence of co-morbid illness, depressed mood and perceived barriers were independently associated with medication non-adherence in the study (P < 0.05).
Conclusions - Adherence in COPD patients is influenced more by patients’ perception of their health and medication effectiveness, the presence of depressed mood and co-morbid illness than by demographic factors or disease severity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1365-1373
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume68
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012

Fingerprint

Medication Adherence
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Demography
Self Efficacy
Health
Northern Ireland
Secondary Care
Marital Status
Ambulatory Care Facilities
Occupations
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Anxiety
Logistic Models
Smoking
Regression Analysis
Interviews
Depression
Morbidity

Keywords

  • adherence
  • COPD
  • health beliefs
  • depression
  • self-efficacy
  • disease knowledge

Cite this

Khdour, Maher R. ; Hawwa, Ahmed F. ; Kidney, Joseph C. ; Smyth, Bronagh M. ; McElnay, James C. / Potential risk factors for medication non-adherence in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 2012 ; Vol. 68, No. 10. pp. 1365-1373.
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abstract = "Aims - To investigate the effect of a range of demographic and psychosocial variables on medication adherence in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients managed in a secondary care setting.Methods - A total of 173 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of COPD, recruited from an outpatient clinic in Northern Ireland, participated in the study. Data collection was carried out via face-to-face interviews and through review of patients’ medical charts. Social and demographic variables, co-morbidity, self-reported drug adherence (Morisky scale), Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) scale, COPD knowledge, Health Belief Model (HBM) and self-efficacy scales were determined for each patient.Results - Participants were aged 67 ± 9.7 (mean ± SD) years, 56 {\%} female and took a mean (SD) of 8.2 ± 3.4 drugs. Low adherence with medications was present in 29.5 {\%} of the patients. Demographic variables (gender, age, marital status, living arrangements and occupation) were not associated with adherence. A range of clinical and psychosocial variables, on the other hand, were found to be associated with medication adherence, i.e. beliefs regarding medication effectiveness, severity of COPD, smoking status, presence of co-morbid illness, depressed mood, self-efficacy, perceived susceptibility and perceived barriers within the HBM (p < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that perceived ineffectiveness of medication, presence of co-morbid illness, depressed mood and perceived barriers were independently associated with medication non-adherence in the study (P < 0.05).Conclusions - Adherence in COPD patients is influenced more by patients’ perception of their health and medication effectiveness, the presence of depressed mood and co-morbid illness than by demographic factors or disease severity.",
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Potential risk factors for medication non-adherence in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). / Khdour, Maher R.; Hawwa, Ahmed F.; Kidney, Joseph C.; Smyth, Bronagh M.; McElnay, James C.

In: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, Vol. 68, No. 10, 10.2012, p. 1365-1373.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Potential risk factors for medication non-adherence in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

AU - Khdour, Maher R.

AU - Hawwa, Ahmed F.

AU - Kidney, Joseph C.

AU - Smyth, Bronagh M.

AU - McElnay, James C.

PY - 2012/10

Y1 - 2012/10

N2 - Aims - To investigate the effect of a range of demographic and psychosocial variables on medication adherence in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients managed in a secondary care setting.Methods - A total of 173 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of COPD, recruited from an outpatient clinic in Northern Ireland, participated in the study. Data collection was carried out via face-to-face interviews and through review of patients’ medical charts. Social and demographic variables, co-morbidity, self-reported drug adherence (Morisky scale), Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) scale, COPD knowledge, Health Belief Model (HBM) and self-efficacy scales were determined for each patient.Results - Participants were aged 67 ± 9.7 (mean ± SD) years, 56 % female and took a mean (SD) of 8.2 ± 3.4 drugs. Low adherence with medications was present in 29.5 % of the patients. Demographic variables (gender, age, marital status, living arrangements and occupation) were not associated with adherence. A range of clinical and psychosocial variables, on the other hand, were found to be associated with medication adherence, i.e. beliefs regarding medication effectiveness, severity of COPD, smoking status, presence of co-morbid illness, depressed mood, self-efficacy, perceived susceptibility and perceived barriers within the HBM (p < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that perceived ineffectiveness of medication, presence of co-morbid illness, depressed mood and perceived barriers were independently associated with medication non-adherence in the study (P < 0.05).Conclusions - Adherence in COPD patients is influenced more by patients’ perception of their health and medication effectiveness, the presence of depressed mood and co-morbid illness than by demographic factors or disease severity.

AB - Aims - To investigate the effect of a range of demographic and psychosocial variables on medication adherence in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients managed in a secondary care setting.Methods - A total of 173 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of COPD, recruited from an outpatient clinic in Northern Ireland, participated in the study. Data collection was carried out via face-to-face interviews and through review of patients’ medical charts. Social and demographic variables, co-morbidity, self-reported drug adherence (Morisky scale), Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) scale, COPD knowledge, Health Belief Model (HBM) and self-efficacy scales were determined for each patient.Results - Participants were aged 67 ± 9.7 (mean ± SD) years, 56 % female and took a mean (SD) of 8.2 ± 3.4 drugs. Low adherence with medications was present in 29.5 % of the patients. Demographic variables (gender, age, marital status, living arrangements and occupation) were not associated with adherence. A range of clinical and psychosocial variables, on the other hand, were found to be associated with medication adherence, i.e. beliefs regarding medication effectiveness, severity of COPD, smoking status, presence of co-morbid illness, depressed mood, self-efficacy, perceived susceptibility and perceived barriers within the HBM (p < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that perceived ineffectiveness of medication, presence of co-morbid illness, depressed mood and perceived barriers were independently associated with medication non-adherence in the study (P < 0.05).Conclusions - Adherence in COPD patients is influenced more by patients’ perception of their health and medication effectiveness, the presence of depressed mood and co-morbid illness than by demographic factors or disease severity.

KW - adherence

KW - COPD

KW - health beliefs

KW - depression

KW - self-efficacy

KW - disease knowledge

UR - http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00228-012-1279-5

U2 - 10.1007/s00228-012-1279-5

DO - 10.1007/s00228-012-1279-5

M3 - Article

C2 - 22476392

VL - 68

SP - 1365

EP - 1373

JO - European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology

JF - European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology

SN - 0031-6970

IS - 10

ER -