Power and Voltage Modelling of a Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Using Artificial Neural Networks

Tabbi Wilberforce*, Mohammad Biswas, Abdelnasir Omran*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) is a more environmentally friendly alternative to deliver electric power in various applications, including in the transportation industry. As PEMFC performance characteristics are inherently nonlinear and involved, the prediction of the performance in a given application for different operating conditions is important in order to optimize the efficiency of the system. Thus, modelling using artificial neural networks (ANNs) to predict its performance can significantly improve the capabilities of handling the multi-variable nonlinear performance of the PEMFC. However, further investigation is needed to develop a dynamic model using ANNs to predict the transient behavior of a PEMFC. This paper predicts the dynamic electrical and thermal performance of a PEMFC stack under various operating conditions. The input variables of the PEMFC stack for the analysis consist of the cathode inlet temperature, anode inlet pressure, anode and cathode inlet flow rates, and stack current. The performances of the ANN models using three different learning algorithms are determined based on the stack voltage and temperature, which have been shown to be consistently predicted by most of these models. Almost all models with varying hidden neurons have coefficients of determination of 0.9 or higher and mean squared errors of less than 5. Thus, the results show promise for dynamic modelling approaches using ANNs for the development of optimal operation of a PEMFC in various system applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number5587
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2022

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  • proton-exchange membrane fuel cells
  • artificial neural networks (ANNs)
  • Bayesian-based algorithm
  • Levenberg–Marquardt algorithm


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