Globally, demand for electricity has seen a steady increase, with nations striving to meet the demand. However, Nigeria is abysmally struggling to meet the increasing demand with the meagre per capita electricity consumption of 151 kWh, which is lower than the average of per capita electricity in Africa. Presently, the grid-tied electricity installed capacity in Nigeria, estimated at 13,435 MW is primarily generated by fossil and hydro-power plants at approximate distribution of 82.3% and 17.7%, respectively. This work presents single capsule that shows a holistic narrative of the energy access sector in view of energy penetration, sustainability, technology advancement and energy policy evolution. From available records, renewable energy sources in Nigeria are equitably distributed throughout the country, unlike the fossil reserves that are mostly concentrated in the south-south geopolitical zone. Also, there are huge potentials buried within untapped renewable energy in the country, namely wind, small-scale hydropower, geothermal, tidal and biomass energy. Furthermore, cutting edge power generation technologies that incorporate fuel cell, gas-, steam-, and low grade-turbine with carbon capture and fired by dual fuel of natural gas and biomass is promising for both energy access and climate action. The Federal Government of Nigeria's friendly energy policies, coupled with political will to excite implementation are panacea to significantly drive energy access for sustainable socio-economic development.
Bibliographical noteFunding: The first author acknowledges the PhD partial sponsorship by World Bank through the Africa Centre of Excellence Centre for Oil Field Chemicals Research (ACE-CEFOR), with Matric number G2018/PhD/ACE-CEFOR/FT/057, University of Port Harcourt.
- Electricity per capita
- Energy access
- Low-emission Technology
- Nigeria Power situation
- Power generation technologies
- Renewable energy potential