Proactive environmental systems: the next generation of environmental monitoring

Mauno Rönkkö*, Ville Kotovirta, Kostas Karatzas, Lucy Bastin, Markus Stocker, Mikko Kolehemainen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference publication

Abstract

In this article we envision factors and trends that shape the next generation of environmental monitoring systems. One key factor in this respect is the combined effect of end-user needs and the general development of IT services and their availability. Currently, an environmental (monitoring) system is assumed to be reactive. It delivers measurement data and computational results only if the user explicitly asks for it either by query or subscription. There is a temptation to automate this by simply pushing data to end-users. This, however, leads easily to an "advertisement strategy", where data is pushed to end-users regardless of users' needs. Under this strategy, the mere amount of received data obfuscates the individual messages; any "automatic" service, regardless of its fitness, overruns a system that requires the user's initiative. The foreseeable problem is that, unless there is no overall management, each new environmental service is going to compete for end-users' attention and, thus, inadvertently hinder the use of existing services. As the main contribution we investigate the nature of proactive environmental systems, and how they should be designed to avoid the aforementioned problem. We also discuss how semantics, participatory sensing, uncertainty management, and situational awareness link to proactive environmental systems. We illustrate our proposals with some real-life examples.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Environmental Modelling and Software Society (iEMSs) 2012 International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software. Managing Resources of a Limited Planet: Pathways and Visions under Uncertainty, sixth biennial meeting, Leipzig, Germany
EditorsRalf Seppelt, Alexey A. Voinov, Susanne Lange, Dagmar Bankamp
PublisherInternational Environmental Modelling and Software Society
Number of pages8
VolumeManno (CH)
ISBN (Print)978-88-9035-742-8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2012
Event6th biennial meeting of the International Environmental Modelling and Software Society - Leipzig, Germany
Duration: 1 Jul 20125 Jul 2012

Meeting

Meeting6th biennial meeting of the International Environmental Modelling and Software Society
Abbreviated titleiEMSs 2012
CountryGermany
CityLeipzig
Period1/07/125/07/12
OtherManaging Resources of a Limited Planet

Bibliographical note

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Keywords

  • Environmental monitoring
  • Participatory sensing
  • Software agents
  • Uncertainty management

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  • Integrating OpenMI and Uncertweb: managing uncertainty in OpenMI models

    Gupta, T., Jones, R., Bastin, L. & Cornford, D., 6 Dec 2012, International Environmental Modelling and Software Society (iEMSs) 2012 International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software. Managing Resources of a Limited Planet: Pathways and Visions under Uncertainty, sixth biennial meeting, Leipzig, Germany. Seppelt, R., Voinov, A. A., Lange, S. & Bankamp, D. (eds.). Manno (CH): International Environmental Modelling and Software Society , p. 1151-1158 8 p.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference publication

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