Real-time small angle neutron scattering and wide angle neutron scattering studies were undertaken concurrently on a glass ionomer of nominal composition 4.5(SiO2)-3(Al2O3)-1.5(P2O5)-3(CaO)-2(CaF2). Neutron studies were conducted as a function of temperature to investigate the crystallisation process. No amorphous phase separation was observed at room temperature and the onset of crystallisation was found to occur at 650°C, which is 90°C lower than previously reported. The first crystalline phase observed corresponded to fluorapatite; it was only upon further heating was the mullite phase became present. The crystallite size at 650°C was found to be ~115Å and the result was consistent across all measurements.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids|
|Early online date||25 May 2016|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Nov 2016|
Bibliographical note© 2016, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Funding: EPSRC (EP/F021011).