Progress in carbon capture technologies

Tabbi Wilberforce*, A. G. Olabi, Enas Taha Sayed, Khaled Elsaid, Mohammad Ali Abdelkareem

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Human factors are one of the key contributors to carbon dioxide emissions into the environment. Since the industrial revolution, the atmospheric carbon dioxide levels have increased appreciably. This has been attributed to the utilization of fossil fuels for energy generation coupled with the clearing of forests and extensive manufacturing of some industrial products such as cement. The increase in atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide has been widely linked to climate change and the Earth's temperature. A drastic approach is therefore needed in terms of policy formulation to address this global challenge. Carbon capture and storage are reliable tools that can be introduced to the industrial sector to address this issue. Therefore, this review presents a thorough investigation of the various technologies that can be harnessed to capture carbon dioxide. The cost associated with the capture, transport, and storage of the carbon dioxide is discussed. Socio-economic aspects of carbon capture and storage technologies are also presented in this review. Factors influencing public awareness of the technology and perceptions associated with carbon capture and storage should be a point for consideration in future research activities relating to this novel technology. This, in effect, this will ensure effective expert knowledge communication to the general public and foster social acceptance of this technology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number143203
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Early online date11 Nov 2020
Publication statusPublished - 20 Mar 2021


  • Carbon capture and storage
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Fossil fuel
  • Oil and gas
  • Sequestration


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