Pyroligneous acid: a farmer’s flexible friend?

Josephine Mmojieje*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article is a review of the findings of key studies into the potential benefits of pyroligneous acid, arising from charcoal production, to the agricultural industry. Through a review of bioassay studies conducted on known plant and human pathogens (e.g., Agrobacterium tumefacien and Xanthomonas campestris) and arthropods, and germination studies on selected crops, the article highlights a number of potential benefits of smoke recovery in the production of charcoal. In addition, the article calls for further research into the impact, if any, of its long-term use on environmental receptors/humans and for the development of a methodology to guarantee consistency in product composition, quality, and efficacy. In doing so, it is hoped that its widespread use as part of sustainable management practices adopted in the agricultural industry will be secured.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-351
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Crop Improvement
Issue number3
Early online date22 Apr 2016
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Agriculture
  • bacteria
  • biochar
  • charcoal
  • pesticide
  • pyroligneous acid
  • smoke


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