Pyrolysis study of halogen-containing aromatics reflecting reactions with polypropylene in a posttreatment decontamination process

Aliaksandr I. Balabanovich, Andreas Hornung, Maria P. Luda, Wolfgang Koch, Vander Tumiatti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Halogen-containing aromatics, mainly bromine-containing phenols, are harmful compounds contaminating pyrolysis oil from electronic boards containing halogenated flame retardants. In addition, theirformation increases the potential for evolution of polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PBDDs) and dibenzofurans (PBDFs) at relatively low temperature (up to 500 °C). As a model compound, 2,4-dibromophenol (DBP) was pyrolyzed at 290-450 °C. While its pyrolysis in a nitrogen flow reactor or in encapsulated ampules yields bromine-containing phenols, phenoxyphenols, PBDDs, and PBDFs, pyrolysis of DBP in a hydrogen-donating medium of polypropylene (PP) at 290-350 °C mainly results in the formation of phenol and HBr, indicating the occurrence of a facile hydrodebromination of DBP. The hydrodebromination efficiency depends on temperature, pressure, and the ratio of the initial components. This thermal behavior of DBP is compared to that of 2,4-dichlorophenol and decabromodiphenyl ether. A treatment of halogen-containing aromatics with PP offers a new perspective on the development of low-environmental-impact disposal processes for electronic scrap.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5469-5474
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume39
Issue number14
Early online date11 Jun 2005
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2005

Keywords

  • bromine
  • environmental impact
  • halogen compounds
  • phenols
  • atomatic hydrocarbons

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