Recall, verbatim memory and remembered narratives

James Ost, Tim Grant, Gary Pankhurst, Alan Scoboria

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

Abstract

Memory is central to investigative interviews with witnesses and suspects, yet decades of research have shown that remembering is subject to constructive and reconstructive processes that can adversely impact the reliability of accounts that are elicited at interview. In this chapter we first outline research concerning our memory for events (‘episodic memory’) before moving on to discuss the ways in which our attempts to validate and communicate those memories can bias what is eventually reported. We then focus on some of the implications this can have for investigative interviews, specifically the problem of ‘skill fade’ in interviewing, the impact of implicit beliefs about memory and issues surrounding the reliability of recollections of direct speech. We conclude that appropriately structuring the retrieval context is the key to achieving best memory evidence.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCommunication in investigative and legal contexts
Subtitle of host publicationintegrated approaches from forensic psychology, linguistics and law enforcement
EditorsGavin Oxburgh, Trond Myklebust, Tim Grant, Rebecca Milne
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Pages39–54
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-118-76913-3
ISBN (Print)978-1-118-76923-2, 978-1-118-76922-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015

Publication series

NameSeries in psychology of crime, policing and law
PublisherWiley

Keywords

  • memory
  • retrieval
  • interviewing
  • validation
  • communication
  • direct speech

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  • Research Output

    Communication in forensic contexts: future directions and conclusions

    Myklebust, T., Grant, T., Milne, R. & Oxburgh, G. E., Nov 2015, Communication in investigative and legal settings: integrated approaches from forensic psychology, linguistics and law enforcement. Oxburgh, G., Myklebust, T., Grant, T. & Milne, R. (eds.). Wiley-Blackwell, p. 359-366 8 p. (Series in the Psychology of Crime, Policing and Law).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

  • Communication in investigative and legal settings: integrated approaches from forensic psychology, linguistics and law enforcement

    Oxburgh, G. E. (ed.), Myklebust, T. (ed.), Grant, T. (ed.) & Milne, R. (ed.), Nov 2015, Wiley-Blackwell. 408 p. (Wiley series in the Psychology of Crime, Policing and Law)

    Research output: Book/ReportAnthology

  • Communication in investigative and legal settings: introduction and contexts

    Oxburgh, G., Myklebust, T., Grant, T. & Milne, R., Dec 2015, Communication in investigative and legal contexts: integrated approaches from forensic psychology, linguistics and law enforcement. Oxburgh, G., Myklebust, T., Grant, T. & Milne, R. (eds.). Wiley-Blackwell, p. 1-13 13 p. (Series in psychology of crime, policing and law).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

  • Cite this

    Ost, J., Grant, T., Pankhurst, G., & Scoboria, A. (2015). Recall, verbatim memory and remembered narratives. In G. Oxburgh, T. Myklebust, T. Grant, & R. Milne (Eds.), Communication in investigative and legal contexts: integrated approaches from forensic psychology, linguistics and law enforcement (pp. 39–54). (Series in psychology of crime, policing and law). Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118769133.ch3