Recall, verbatim memory and remembered narratives

James Ost, Tim Grant, Gary Pankhurst, Alan Scoboria

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

Abstract

Memory is central to investigative interviews with witnesses and suspects, yet decades of research have shown that remembering is subject to constructive and reconstructive processes that can adversely impact the reliability of accounts that are elicited at interview. In this chapter we first outline research concerning our memory for events (‘episodic memory’) before moving on to discuss the ways in which our attempts to validate and communicate those memories can bias what is eventually reported. We then focus on some of the implications this can have for investigative interviews, specifically the problem of ‘skill fade’ in interviewing, the impact of implicit beliefs about memory and issues surrounding the reliability of recollections of direct speech. We conclude that appropriately structuring the retrieval context is the key to achieving best memory evidence.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationCommunication in investigative and legal contexts
Subtitle of host publicationintegrated approaches from forensic psychology, linguistics and law enforcement
EditorsGavin Oxburgh, Trond Myklebust, Tim Grant, Rebecca Milne
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Pages39–54
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-118-76913-3
ISBN (Print)978-1-118-76923-2, 978-1-118-76922-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015

Publication series

NameSeries in psychology of crime, policing and law
PublisherWiley

Fingerprint

narrative
interview
witness
event
trend
evidence

Keywords

  • memory
  • retrieval
  • interviewing
  • validation
  • communication
  • direct speech

Cite this

Ost, J., Grant, T., Pankhurst, G., & Scoboria, A. (2015). Recall, verbatim memory and remembered narratives. In G. Oxburgh, T. Myklebust, T. Grant, & R. Milne (Eds.), Communication in investigative and legal contexts: integrated approaches from forensic psychology, linguistics and law enforcement (pp. 39–54). (Series in psychology of crime, policing and law). Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118769133.ch3
Ost, James ; Grant, Tim ; Pankhurst, Gary ; Scoboria, Alan. / Recall, verbatim memory and remembered narratives. Communication in investigative and legal contexts: integrated approaches from forensic psychology, linguistics and law enforcement. editor / Gavin Oxburgh ; Trond Myklebust ; Tim Grant ; Rebecca Milne. Wiley-Blackwell, 2015. pp. 39–54 (Series in psychology of crime, policing and law).
@inbook{50926cc3e4d84a0d89da53fb94bbc0b7,
title = "Recall, verbatim memory and remembered narratives",
abstract = "Memory is central to investigative interviews with witnesses and suspects, yet decades of research have shown that remembering is subject to constructive and reconstructive processes that can adversely impact the reliability of accounts that are elicited at interview. In this chapter we first outline research concerning our memory for events (‘episodic memory’) before moving on to discuss the ways in which our attempts to validate and communicate those memories can bias what is eventually reported. We then focus on some of the implications this can have for investigative interviews, specifically the problem of ‘skill fade’ in interviewing, the impact of implicit beliefs about memory and issues surrounding the reliability of recollections of direct speech. We conclude that appropriately structuring the retrieval context is the key to achieving best memory evidence.",
keywords = "memory, retrieval, interviewing, validation, communication, direct speech",
author = "James Ost and Tim Grant and Gary Pankhurst and Alan Scoboria",
year = "2015",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1002/9781118769133.ch3",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-1-118-76923-2",
series = "Series in psychology of crime, policing and law",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
pages = "39–54",
editor = "Gavin Oxburgh and Trond Myklebust and Tim Grant and Rebecca Milne",
booktitle = "Communication in investigative and legal contexts",
address = "United States",

}

Ost, J, Grant, T, Pankhurst, G & Scoboria, A 2015, Recall, verbatim memory and remembered narratives. in G Oxburgh, T Myklebust, T Grant & R Milne (eds), Communication in investigative and legal contexts: integrated approaches from forensic psychology, linguistics and law enforcement. Series in psychology of crime, policing and law, Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 39–54. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118769133.ch3

Recall, verbatim memory and remembered narratives. / Ost, James; Grant, Tim; Pankhurst, Gary; Scoboria, Alan.

Communication in investigative and legal contexts: integrated approaches from forensic psychology, linguistics and law enforcement. ed. / Gavin Oxburgh; Trond Myklebust; Tim Grant; Rebecca Milne. Wiley-Blackwell, 2015. p. 39–54 (Series in psychology of crime, policing and law).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

TY - CHAP

T1 - Recall, verbatim memory and remembered narratives

AU - Ost, James

AU - Grant, Tim

AU - Pankhurst, Gary

AU - Scoboria, Alan

PY - 2015/12

Y1 - 2015/12

N2 - Memory is central to investigative interviews with witnesses and suspects, yet decades of research have shown that remembering is subject to constructive and reconstructive processes that can adversely impact the reliability of accounts that are elicited at interview. In this chapter we first outline research concerning our memory for events (‘episodic memory’) before moving on to discuss the ways in which our attempts to validate and communicate those memories can bias what is eventually reported. We then focus on some of the implications this can have for investigative interviews, specifically the problem of ‘skill fade’ in interviewing, the impact of implicit beliefs about memory and issues surrounding the reliability of recollections of direct speech. We conclude that appropriately structuring the retrieval context is the key to achieving best memory evidence.

AB - Memory is central to investigative interviews with witnesses and suspects, yet decades of research have shown that remembering is subject to constructive and reconstructive processes that can adversely impact the reliability of accounts that are elicited at interview. In this chapter we first outline research concerning our memory for events (‘episodic memory’) before moving on to discuss the ways in which our attempts to validate and communicate those memories can bias what is eventually reported. We then focus on some of the implications this can have for investigative interviews, specifically the problem of ‘skill fade’ in interviewing, the impact of implicit beliefs about memory and issues surrounding the reliability of recollections of direct speech. We conclude that appropriately structuring the retrieval context is the key to achieving best memory evidence.

KW - memory

KW - retrieval

KW - interviewing

KW - validation

KW - communication

KW - direct speech

U2 - 10.1002/9781118769133.ch3

DO - 10.1002/9781118769133.ch3

M3 - Chapter (peer-reviewed)

SN - 978-1-118-76923-2

SN - 978-1-118-76922-5

T3 - Series in psychology of crime, policing and law

SP - 39

EP - 54

BT - Communication in investigative and legal contexts

A2 - Oxburgh, Gavin

A2 - Myklebust, Trond

A2 - Grant, Tim

A2 - Milne, Rebecca

PB - Wiley-Blackwell

ER -

Ost J, Grant T, Pankhurst G, Scoboria A. Recall, verbatim memory and remembered narratives. In Oxburgh G, Myklebust T, Grant T, Milne R, editors, Communication in investigative and legal contexts: integrated approaches from forensic psychology, linguistics and law enforcement. Wiley-Blackwell. 2015. p. 39–54. (Series in psychology of crime, policing and law). https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118769133.ch3