Recent progress of graphene based nanomaterials in bioelectrochemical systems

A. G. Olabi*, Tabbi Wilberforce, Enas Taha Sayed, Khaled Elsaid, Hegazy Rezk, Mohammad Ali Abdelkareem

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The application of graphene (Gr) to microbial fuel cells (MFCs) and microbial electrolysis cell (MECs) is considered a very promising approach in terms of enhancing their performance. The superior Gr properties of high electrical and thermal conductivities, along with: superior specific surface area, high electron mobility, and mechanical strength, are the key features that endorse this. Factors impeding the advancement of a microbial fuel cell into commercialization involve primarily the cost of their components, and their production on a small scale. Gr with such outstanding characteristics can help mitigate these challenges, when used as electrode material. The application of Gr as an anode material improves the efficiency of electron transfer and bacterial attachment. When used as a cathode material, it supports the oxygen reduction reaction. This investigation, presents a thorough analysis of the feasibility of Gr as an electrode material in both MFC and MEC applications - based on experimental results from the investigation. Current technological advancements in the implementation of Gr in MFC and MEC are also highlighted in this review. To summarise, the investigation exposes critical issues impeding the advancement of microbial fuel cells, and proposes possible solutions to mitigate these challenges.

Original languageEnglish
Article number141225
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Early online date24 Jul 2020
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2020


  • Enzymatic fuel cell
  • Graphene
  • Microbial electrolysis cell
  • Microbial fuel cells
  • Oxygen reduction reaction


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