Renewable Energy and Energy Storage Systems

Enas Taha Sayed, Abdul Ghani Olabi, Abdul Hai Alami, Ali Radwan, Ayman Mdallal , Ahmed Rezk, Mohammad Ali Abdelkareem*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The use of fossil fuels has contributed to climate change and global warming, which has led to a growing need for renewable and ecologically friendly alternatives to these. It is accepted that renewable energy sources are the ideal option to substitute fossil fuels in the near future. Significant progress has been made to produce renewable energy sources with acceptable prices at a commercial scale, such as solar, wind, and biomass energies. This success has been due to technological advances that can use renewable energy sources effectively at lower prices. More work is needed to maximize the capacity of renewable energy sources with a focus on their dispatchability, where the function of storage is considered crucial. Furthermore, hybrid renewable energy systems are needed with good energy management to balance the various renewable energy sources’ production/consumption/storage. This work covers the progress done in the main renewable energy sources at a commercial scale, including solar, wind, biomass, and hybrid renewable energy sources. Moreover, energy management between the various renewable energy sources and storage systems is discussed. Finally, this work discusses the recent progress in green hydrogen production and fuel cells that could pave the way for commercial usage of renewable energy in a wide range of applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1415
Number of pages26
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2023

Bibliographical note

Copyright: © 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and
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  • large scale renewable energies
  • solar energy
  • wind energy
  • biomass energy
  • hybrid renewable energy
  • energy management
  • green hydrogen
  • energy storage systems
  • fuel cells


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