Responding to terrorist attacks and natural disasters: a case study using simulation

Pavel Albores, Duncan Shaw

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The heightened threat of terrorism has caused governments worldwide to reconsider their plans for responding in the immediate aftermath to large-scale catastrophic incidents. This paper discusses the use of discrete event simulation modeling to understand how a fire service might position its resources before an attack takes place, to best respond to a combination of different attacks at different locations if they happen. Two models are built for this purpose. The first model deals with mass decontamination of a population following biological or chemical attack - aiming to study resource requirements (vehicles, equipment and manpower) necessary to meet performance targets. The second model deals with the allocation of resources across regions - aiming to study cover level and response times, analyzing different allocations of resources, both centralized and decentralized. Contributions to theory and practice are outlined.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Winter Simulation Conference, 2005
PublisherIEEE
Pages886-894
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)0-7803-9519-0
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Event2005 Winter Simulation Conference - Orlando, FL, United Kingdom
Duration: 4 Dec 20057 Dec 2005

Conference

Conference2005 Winter Simulation Conference
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityOrlando, FL
Period4/12/057/12/05

Fingerprint

Disasters
Chemical attack
Terrorism
Decontamination
Discrete event simulation
Fires
Computer simulation

Cite this

Albores, P., & Shaw, D. (2005). Responding to terrorist attacks and natural disasters: a case study using simulation. In Proceedings of the Winter Simulation Conference, 2005 (pp. 886-894). IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/WSC.2005.1574336
Albores, Pavel ; Shaw, Duncan. / Responding to terrorist attacks and natural disasters : a case study using simulation. Proceedings of the Winter Simulation Conference, 2005. IEEE, 2005. pp. 886-894
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Albores, P & Shaw, D 2005, Responding to terrorist attacks and natural disasters: a case study using simulation. in Proceedings of the Winter Simulation Conference, 2005. IEEE, pp. 886-894, 2005 Winter Simulation Conference, Orlando, FL, United Kingdom, 4/12/05. https://doi.org/10.1109/WSC.2005.1574336

Responding to terrorist attacks and natural disasters : a case study using simulation. / Albores, Pavel; Shaw, Duncan.

Proceedings of the Winter Simulation Conference, 2005. IEEE, 2005. p. 886-894.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Albores P, Shaw D. Responding to terrorist attacks and natural disasters: a case study using simulation. In Proceedings of the Winter Simulation Conference, 2005. IEEE. 2005. p. 886-894 https://doi.org/10.1109/WSC.2005.1574336