Attempts to prepare [Se(CH2CH2COOH)3]+Cl− from Se(CH2CH2COOH)2 and H2C=CHCOOH in concentrated hydrochloricacid, for the corresponding sulfonium salt, led exclusively to the Se-betaine,Se(CH2CH2COOH)2(CH2CH2COO). The Se-betaine crystallises in the space group P2l/c with the cell dimensions at 223 K, a = 5.5717(1), b = 24.6358(4), c = 8.4361(1) Å, β = 104.762(1)°, V = 1119.74(3) Å3, Z = 4, Dcalc = 1.763 Mgm− 3,μ = 3.364 Mm−1. The structure refined to RI = 0.0223 for 2801 reflections with F0 > 4σ(F0). In the crystalline state the molecule is intermolecularly linked to neighbouring molecules by a number of hydrogen bonds; a very strong carboxylic-carboxylate bond with an O⋯O distance of 2.4435(16) Å, a medium strong carboxylic-carboxylate bond with an O⋯O distance of 2.6431(16) Å and several weak O⋯H(CH2) with O⋯C distances between 3.2 and 3.3 Å. In the carboxylicgroup involved in the very strong hydrogen bond the O⋯H bond is antiperiplanar to the C O bond while the OH bond is periplanar to the C=O bond in the second carboxylic group. Based upon the C-O bond lengths and theelongation of the O-H bond involved in the strong hydrogen bond one may describe the compound as strongly linked units of Se(CH2CH2COOH)(CH2CH2COO)2 rather than Se(CH2CH2COOH)2(CH2CH2COO). The selenium atom forms two strong intramolecular 1,5-Se⋯O contacts, with a carboxylate oxygen atom, 2.9385(12) Å, and with a carboxylicoxygen atom, 2.8979(11) Å. To allow for these contacts the two organic fragments have been forced into the periplanar conformation. The molecule is only slightly asymmetric with regard to the C-Se-C bond angles but is very asymmetric with regard to the torsion angles.
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- selenium betaine
- selenium-oxygen intramolecular interactions
- strong hydrogen bonding
- crystal structures
- 77Se NMR