Self-selection into export markets by business services firms: evidence from France, Germany and the United Kingdom

Yama Temouri, Alexander Vogel, Joachim Wagner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study investigates business services firms that (start to) export, comparing exporters to firms that serve the national market only. We estimate identically specified empirical models using comparable enterprise data from France, Germany, and the UK. Our findings show that exporters are on average more productive and pay higher wages in all three countries. However, results for profitability differ across borders, where profitability of exporters is significantly smaller in Germany, significantly larger in France, and does not differ significantly in the UK. The results for wages and productivity hold in the years before firms start exporting, which indicates self-selection into exporting of more productive services firms that pay higher wages. The surprising finding of self-selection of less profitable German services firms into exporting does not show up among firms from France and the UK. In all three countries we do not find evidence for positive effects of exporting on firm performance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-158
Number of pages13
JournalStructural change and economic dynamics
Volume25
Issue number1
Early online date24 Feb 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2013

Keywords

  • business services firms
  • exports
  • Germany
  • France
  • UK

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