Optical fibre Bragg grating (FBG) sensors have significant potential for use as embedded devices to monitor the structural integrity of engineering materials. The main drawback of the FBG strain sensor is its cross-sensitivity to temperature. This paper reports a simple scheme for multiplexing a FBG and an extrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometric (EFPI) sensor to enable the decoupling of strain from temperature. The EFPI sensor was constructed using a precision bore quartz capillary tube which housed two cleaved optical fibres. The gap between the fibre end$aces served as the Fabry-Perot cavity. Since the coefficients of thermal expansion between the optical fibre and the capillary tube were similar, the EFPI sensor has a very low sensitivity towards temperature. Therefore, when both sensors are placed close together, the EFPI sensor can act as the strain sensor, and temperature can be determined from the FBG wavelength shift after taking out the strain effect. The signal processing for the EFPI sensor was based on a channelled spectrum method using a CCD spectrometer. The same CCD spectrometer was also used to determine the wavelength shift of the FBG. The cross-talk between the EFPI and FBG sensors was evaluated. The feasibility of conducting simultaneous strain and temperature measurements was demonstrated.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 6 Jun 1997|
|Event||Smart Structures and Materials 1997: Smart Sensing, Processing, and Instrumentation - San Diego, United States|
Duration: 3 Mar 1997 → 6 Mar 1997
- Bragg grating
- Fiber optic sensors