Social identity and social exchange: Identification, support, and withdrawal from the job

Daan Van Knippenberg*, Rolf Van Dick, Susana Tavares

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Integrating insights from the social exchange perspective and the social identity perspective, we propose that evaluations of support received from the organization and its representatives and organizational identification interact to predict withdrawal from the job. The relationship of support with withdrawal is proposed to be weaker the more strongly employees identify with the organization. This prediction was confirmed in 2 samples focusing on different operationalizations of support and withdrawal. Study 1 explored the interaction between organizational support and organizational identification in predicting turnover intention; Study 2 investigated the link between supervisor support and organizational identification and absenteeism. The present study thus yields evidence that may lay the groundwork for further integration of social exchange and social identity analyses of organizational behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)457-477
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2007

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