Sociodemographic predictors of latent class membership of problematic and disordered gamblers

Richard J.E. James, Claire O'Malley, Richard J. Tunney*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper reports a series of analyses examining the predictors of gambling subtypes identified from a latent class analysis of problem gambling assessment data, pooled from four health and gambling surveys conducted in Britain between 2007 and 2012. Previous analyses have indicated that gambling assessments have a consistent three class structure showing quantitative and potentially qualitative differences. Bringing this data together is useful for studying more severe problem gamblers, where the small number of respondents has been a chronic limitation of gambling prevalence research. Predictors were drawn from sociodemographic indicators and engagement with other legal addictive behaviours, namely smoking and alcohol consumption. The pooled data was entered into a multinomial logistic regression model in which class membership was regressed along a series of demographic variables and survey year, based on previous analyses of gambling prevalence data. The results identified multiple demographic differences (age, general health, SES, being single, membership of ethnic minority groups) between the non-problem and two classes endorsing some problem gambling indicators. Although these two groups tended to share a sociodemographic profile, the odds of being male, British Asian and a smoker increased between the three groups in line with problem gambling severity. Being widowed was also found to be associated with the most severe gambling class. A number of associations were also observed with other addictive behaviours. However these should be taken as indicative as these were limited subsamples of a single dataset. These findings identify specific groups in which gambling problems are more prevalent, and highlight the importance of the interaction between acute and determinant aspects of impulsivity, suggesting that a more complex account of impulsivity should be considered than is currently present in the gambling literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-69
Number of pages9
JournalAddictive Behaviors Reports
Volume3
Early online date16 Apr 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016

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Gambling
Addictive Behavior
Impulsive Behavior
Logistic Models
Demography
Widowhood
Minority Groups
Health Surveys
Ethnic Groups
Alcohol Drinking
Smoking

Bibliographical note

© 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license
(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

Keywords

  • Addictive behaviours
  • Disordered gambling
  • Gambling
  • Impulsivity

Cite this

James, Richard J.E. ; O'Malley, Claire ; Tunney, Richard J. / Sociodemographic predictors of latent class membership of problematic and disordered gamblers. In: Addictive Behaviors Reports. 2016 ; Vol. 3. pp. 61-69.
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Sociodemographic predictors of latent class membership of problematic and disordered gamblers. / James, Richard J.E.; O'Malley, Claire; Tunney, Richard J.

In: Addictive Behaviors Reports, Vol. 3, 01.06.2016, p. 61-69.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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