Neuronal intermediate filament inclusion disease (NIFID) is characterized by α-internexin positive neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions (NCI), swollen achromatic neurons (SN), neuronal loss, and gliosis. This study tested: 1) whether the spatial patterns of the lesions was topographically organized in areas of the frontal and temporal lobe and 2) whether a spatial relationship exists between the NCI and SN. The NCI were distributed in regular clusters and in a quarter of these areas, the clusters were 400-800 μm in diameter approximating to the size of the cells of origin of the cortico-cortical pathways. Variations in the density of the NCI were positively correlated with the SN. Hence, cortical degeneration in NIFID appears to be topographically organized and may affect the cortico-cortical projections, the clusters of NCI and SN developing within the same vertical columns of cells. © 2007 Springer-Verlag.
- neuronal intermediate filament inclusion disease
- neurofilament cytoplasmic inclusions
- swollen achromatic neurons
- glial cell nuclei
- spatial pattern