State-of-the-art in product-service systems

Tim Baines, Howard W. Lightfoot, Steve Evans, Andy Neely, Richard Greenough, Joe Peppard, R. Roy, Essam Shehab, A. Braganza, Ashutosh Tiwari, J.R. Alcock, J.P. Angus, Marko Bastl, A. Cousens, P. Irving, Mark Johnson, J. Kingston, H. Lockett, V. Martinez, P. MicheleD. Tranfield, I.M. Walton, H. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A Product-Service System (PSS) is an integrated combination of products and services. This Western concept embraces a service-led competitive strategy, environmental sustainability, and the basis to differentiate from competitors who simply offer lower priced products. This paper aims to report the state-of-the-art of PSS research by presenting a clinical review of literature currently available on this topic. The literature is classified and the major outcomes of each study are addressed and analysed. On this basis, this paper defines the PSS concept, reports on its origin and features, gives examples of applications along with potential benefits and barriers to adoption, summarizes available tools and methodologies, and identifies future research challenges.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1543-1552
Number of pages10
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2007


  • product-service system
  • servitization
  • review


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