Stem cell treatment of degenerative eye disease

Ben Mead*, Martin Berry, Ann Logan, Robert A.H. Scott, Wendy Leadbeater, Ben A. Scheven

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Stem cell therapies are being explored extensively as treatments for degenerative eye disease, either for replacing lost neurons, restoring neural circuits or, based on more recent evidence, as paracrine-mediated therapies in which stem cell-derived trophic factors protect compromised endogenous retinal neurons from death and induce the growth of new connections. Retinal progenitor phenotypes induced from embryonic stem cells/induced pluripotent stem cells (ESCs/iPSCs) and endogenous retinal stem cells may replace lost photoreceptors and retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells and restore vision in the diseased eye, whereas treatment of injured retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) has so far been reliant on mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). Here, we review the properties of non-retinal-derived adult stem cells, in particular neural stem cells (NSCs), MSC derived from bone marrow (BMSC), adipose tissues (ADSC) and dental pulp (DPSC), together with ESC/iPSC and discuss and compare their potential advantages as therapies designed to provide trophic support, repair and replacement of retinal neurons, RPE and glia in degenerative retinal diseases. We conclude that ESCs/iPSCs have the potential to replace lost retinal cells, whereas MSC may be a useful source of paracrine factors that protect RGC and stimulate regeneration of their axons in the optic nerve in degenerate eye disease. NSC may have potential as both a source of replacement cells and also as mediators of paracrine treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-257
Number of pages15
JournalStem cell research
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2015

Bibliographical note

© 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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    Mead, B., Berry, M., Logan, A., Scott, R. A. H., Leadbeater, W., & Scheven, B. A. (2015). Stem cell treatment of degenerative eye disease. Stem cell research, 14(3), 243-257. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scr.2015.02.003