Stream biasing by different induction sequences: Evaluating stream capture as an account of the segregation-promoting effects of constant-frequency inducers

Saima L. Rajasingam, Robert J. Summers, Brian Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Stream segregation for a test sequence comprising high-frequency (H) and low-frequency (L) pure
tones, presented in a galloping rhythm, is much greater when preceded by a constant-frequency induction
sequence matching one subset than by an inducer configured like the test sequence; this difference
persists for several seconds. It has been proposed that constant-frequency inducers promote stream segregation
by capturing the matching subset of test-sequence tones into an on-going, pre-established
stream. This explanation was evaluated using 2-s induction sequences followed by longer test sequences
(12–20 s). Listeners reported the number of streams heard throughout the test sequence.
Experiment 1 used LHL– sequences and one or other subset of inducer tones was attenuated (0–24 dB
in 6-dB steps, and 1). Greater attenuation usually caused a progressive increase in segregation,
towards that following the constant-frequency inducer. Experiment 2 used HLH– sequences and the L
inducer tones were raised or lowered in frequency relative to their test-sequence counterparts (DfI¼ 0,
0.5, 1.0, or 1.5 DfT). Either change greatly increased segregation. These results are concordant with
the notion of attention switching to new sounds but contradict the stream-capture hypothesis, unless a
“proto-object” corresponding to the continuing subset is assumed to form during the induction
sequence.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3409-3420
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume144
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2018

Bibliographical note

© 2018 Author(s). All article content, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

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