Strength, weakness, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) analysis of fuel cells in electric vehicles

A.G. Olabi, Mohammad Ali Abdelkareem, Tabbi Awotwe, Abdul Hai Al-alami, Ammar Alkhalidi, M.M. Hassan, Enas Taha Sayed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Fuel cell electric vehicles have the advantages of simple assembly, higher efficiency, and quiet operation compared to any other propulsion method. While there is a clear road map on the future of fuel cell electric vehicles, there is still a need for a paradigm shift to relent on using fossil fuels as soon as possible. The majority of the reviewed literature focuses on enhancing the current performance of the fuel cell electric vehicle technology for the transportation sector. However, detailed information for policy makers and the research communities on the current state of the technology is evidently missing. This study presents a detailed and holistic examination of fuel cell electric vehicle technology's current state and prospects. A systematic SWOT analysis on the technology is presented to highlight major factors impeding the proliferation of the technology up to widespread commercialization. Despite the progress made, the uncertainty of market trends requires further studies to allow fuel cells to compete fairly with existing infrastructure like the one available for conventional internal combustion engines.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23185-23211
Number of pages27
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number60
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2023


  • Battery
  • Electric vehicles
  • Fuel cells
  • Optimization algorithms
  • Power converters
  • SWOT analysis


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