Structural, electrical and multiferroic properties of Nb-doped Bi7Fe3Ti3O21 thin films

Chinnambedu Murugesan Raghavan, Jin Won Kim, Sang Su Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The effects of donor Nb5+-ion doping on the structural, electrical, and multiferroic properties of an Aurivillius Bi7Fe3Ti3O21 thin film were investigated. Incorporation of Nb5+-ions into the Ti4+-sites of the Bi7Fe3Ti3O21 thin film resulted in a substantial improvement of its electrical and multiferroic properties. From the study of the electrical properties, the Bi7Fe3Ti2.94Nb0.06O21+δ thin film exhibited a low leakage current density of 5.11×10-6 A/cm2at 100 kV/cm, which was about one order of magnitude lower than that of the untreated Bi7Fe3Ti3O21 thin film. The ferroelectric P -E hysteresis loops of the Bi7Fe3Ti2.94Nb0.06O21+δthin film showed a large remnant polarization (2Pr) of 20.6 μC/cm2 at 630 kV/cm whereas the 2Pr value measured for the untreated Bi7Fe3Ti3O21 thin film was 3.5 μC/cm2at 318 kV/cm. Furthermore, a well-saturated magnetic hysteresis loop with an enhanced magnetization was observed for the Bi7Fe3Ti2.94Nb0.06O21+ δthin film at room temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)542-549
Number of pages8
JournalNew Physics: Sae Mulli
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2015

Bibliographical note

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


  • Chemical solution deposition
  • Electrical properties
  • Multiferroic properties
  • Nb-doped BiFeTiO thin film


Dive into the research topics of 'Structural, electrical and multiferroic properties of Nb-doped Bi7Fe3Ti3O21 thin films'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this