Structure-sensitive biodiesel synthesis over MgO nanocrystals

Janine M. Montero, Pratibha Gai, Karen Wilson, Adam F. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Size-controlled MgO nanocrystals were synthesised via a simple sol-gel method and their bulk and surface properties characterised by powder XRD, HRTEM and XPS. Small, cubic MgO single crystals, generated by low temperature processing, expose weakly basic (100) surfaces. High temperature annealing transforms these into large, stepped cuboidal nanoparticles of periclase MgO which terminate in more basic (110) and (111) surfaces. The size dependent evolution of surface electronic structure correlates directly with the associated catalytic activity of these MgO nanocrystals towards glyceryl tributyrate transesterification, revealing a pronounced structural preference for (110) and (111) facets.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-268
Number of pages4
JournalGreen Chemistry
Volume11
Issue number2
Early online date5 Dec 2008
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Fingerprint

Biofuels
Biodiesel
Nanocrystals
Transesterification
periclase
Powders
Sol-gel process
Electronic structure
Surface properties
Catalyst activity
annealing
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Single crystals
Annealing
X-ray spectroscopy
Nanoparticles
Temperature
transform
gel
X-ray diffraction

Bibliographical note

Financial support by the EPSRC under grant EP/D038359/1 and BP Biofuels is gratefully acknowledged.

Cite this

Montero, J. M., Gai, P., Wilson, K., & Lee, A. F. (2009). Structure-sensitive biodiesel synthesis over MgO nanocrystals. Green Chemistry, 11(2), 265-268. https://doi.org/10.1039/b814357a
Montero, Janine M. ; Gai, Pratibha ; Wilson, Karen ; Lee, Adam F. / Structure-sensitive biodiesel synthesis over MgO nanocrystals. In: Green Chemistry. 2009 ; Vol. 11, No. 2. pp. 265-268.
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Montero, JM, Gai, P, Wilson, K & Lee, AF 2009, 'Structure-sensitive biodiesel synthesis over MgO nanocrystals', Green Chemistry, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 265-268. https://doi.org/10.1039/b814357a

Structure-sensitive biodiesel synthesis over MgO nanocrystals. / Montero, Janine M.; Gai, Pratibha; Wilson, Karen; Lee, Adam F.

In: Green Chemistry, Vol. 11, No. 2, 2009, p. 265-268.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Gai, Pratibha

AU - Wilson, Karen

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