Suitability of Tilting Technology to the Tyne and Wear Metro System.

Agajere Ovuezirie Darlton, Marin Marinov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper attempts to determine the suitability of tilting technology as applied to metro systems, taking the Tyne and Wear Metro as its base case study. This is done through designing and implementing of several tests which show the current metro situation and reveals possible impacts on ride comfort and speed, in case tilting technology has been implemented. The paper provides brief background literature review on tilting technology, its different designs and types, control systems, customer satisfaction and history on the Tyne and Wear metro system. Ride comfort evaluation methods, testing of the Metro fleet comfort levels and simulation modelling through the use of OpenTrack simulator software are also introduced. Results and findings include test accuracy and validations and suggest that although tilting technology could be beneficial with respect to speed (minimal improvements) and comfort, implementing it to the Tyne and Wear metro would be an unwise decision owing to the immense amount of upgrades that would be needed on both the network and the metro car fleet. Therefore, recommendations are subsequently made on alternative systems which could achieve or surpass the levels of comfort achievable by tilting technology without the need for an outright overhaul of lines and trains.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-68
JournalUrban Rail Transit
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 28 May 2015

Bibliographical note

© The Author(s) 2015. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.


  • Tilting technology Tyne and wear metro OpenTrack Simulation Lateral acceleration Ride comfort


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