A series of Rh2/AlO3 catalysts have been prepared using untreated or pre-sulphated alumina supports. The effect of support sulphation on catalyst activity towards propene and propane combustion has been explored as a function of Rh loading. Light-off temperatures for the total oxidation of both hydrocarbons decrease with increasing Rh content, associated with a transition from small oxidic clusters to large metallic Rh particles. Sulphate promotes both propene and propane combustion equally, with the magnitude of promotion exhibiting only a weak loading dependence. Enhanced catalytic performance is accompanied by Rh reduction and sintering.