In this ecological study, we drew upon recently published melanoma prevalence data, and compared them with historical market data and published socio-economic data to test for an association between historical sunscreen sales (1997-1999) and recent melanoma incidences (2008 and 2012) in 24 countries in Northern Europe. We also explored associations between current melanoma incidences and historical data on the following socio-demographic indicators: income, urbanization, and population aging. Melanoma incidences were higher in high-income countries where sales of sunscreen were also higher. Our results show that, at the population level, income was significantly associated with melanoma incidences, β = 0.0003, t(19) = 3.104, p < .006, and that increased sunscreen sales has not prevented higher income populations from being at higher risk of melanoma.
|Number of pages||6|
|Early online date||18 Nov 2014|
|Publication status||Published - 18 Dec 2014|
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(http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page (http://www.uk.sagepub.com/aboutus/openaccess.htm).
- public health
- health communication
- disposable income
Williams, S. N., & Dienes, K. A. (2014). Sunscreen sales, socio-economic factors, and melanoma incidence in Northern Europe: a population-based ecological study. SAGE Open, 4(4). https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244014559023