Superconducting edge states in a topological insulator

I. V. Yurkevich*, V. Kagalovsky

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We study the stability of multiple conducting edge states in a topological insulator against perturbations allowed by the time-reversal symmetry. A system is modeled as a multi-channel Luttinger liquid, with the number of channels equal to the number of Kramers doublets at the edge. Assuming strong interactions and weak disorder, we first formulate a low-energy effective theory for a clean translation invariant system and then include the disorder terms allowed by the time-reversal symmetry. In a clean system with N Kramers doublets, N − 1 edge states are gapped by Josephson couplings and the single remaining gapless mode describes collective motion of Cooper pairs synchronous across the channels. Disorder perturbation in this regime, allowed by the time reversal symmetry is a simultaneous backscattering of particles in all N channels. Its relevance depends strongly on the parity if the number of channel N is not very large. Our main result is that disorder becomes irrelevant with the increase of the number of edge modes leading to the stability of the edge states superconducting regime even for repulsive interactions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number18400
JournalScientific Reports
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

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Funding: This work was supported by the Leverhulme Trust Grant No. RPG-2019-317 (IY), and MOST/MESU Grant No. 3-16430 (VK).

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