Supply chain sustainability performance measurement of small and medium sized enterprises using structural equation modeling

Chrisovalantis Malesios, Prasanta K. Dey, Fuad Ben Abdelaziz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Sustainability of small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) is significant as SMEs contribute to GDP substantially in every economy. This research develops an innovative sustainable supply chain performance measurement model for SMEs. Prior researches predominantly use balanced score card (BSC) approach that presume causal relationship of criteria and Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), which derive efficiency of units from a few input and output criteria. While DEA is effective for policymakers, BSC is more suitable for individual SME. The proposed method that uses structural equation modeling (SEM) approach to derive the relationship of criteria and criteria weights formulates regression-type models for a specific region as well as for specific SME. The SEM-based supply chain sustainability performance measurement model is beneficial to policymakers as they can determine means for improvement at a regional level. The proposed method could also facilitate managers/owners of individual SMEs with measures for improving their supply chain sustainability performance. The method has been applied to three varied geographical locations in the UK, France and India in order to demonstrate its effectiveness.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)623–653
Number of pages31
JournalAnnals of Operations Research
Issue number1-2
Early online date24 Oct 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2020

Bibliographical note

© The Author(s) 2018. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.


  • France and India
  • Performance measurement
  • SMEs
  • Structural equation modeling (SEM)
  • Supply chain
  • Sustainability
  • The UK


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