Switchable dual-wavelength cylindrical vector beam generation from a passively mode-locked fiber laser based on carbon nanotubes

Zuxing Zhang, Yu Cai, Jie Wang, Hongdan Wan, Lin Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cylindrical vector beams (CVBs) with axial symmetry in both polarization and field intensity have attracted much attention because of their unique optical properties. Conventional methods to obtain CVBs including direct modulation of light beams in free space and high-order mode excitation by offset splicing single-mode fiber (SMF) with few-mode fiber (FMF) usually works at single wavelength with rather narrow bandwidth. Here, for the first time to the best of our knowledge, we demonstrate switchable dual-wavelength CVB generation from a passively mode-locked fiber laser using carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as saturable absorber for mode-locking and a home-made mode-selective coupler (MSC) as both mode converter and birefringence filter. In experiments, the mode-locked fiber laser delivers CVB pulses of dual-wavelength (1532.5 nm, 1555.5 nm) and corresponding single wavelength with duration of hundreds of femtosecond, respectively. Moreover, the output polarization status is switchable between radially and azimuthally polarized states. The mode-locked CVBs with wavelength and polarization flexibility may have potential applications in mode-division multiplexing optical fiber communication, nanoparticle manipulation, material processing, nonlinear optics, and so on.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Oct 2017

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Keywords

  • carbon nanotubes
  • cylindrical vector beam
  • Dual-wavelength
  • Fiber lasers
  • Laser excitation
  • Laser mode locking
  • mode-locked fiber lasers
  • mode-selective coupler
  • Optical fiber communication
  • Optical fiber couplers
  • Optical fiber polarization

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