Synthetic polymer hydrogels

Anitha C. Kumar*, Harikrishna Erothu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Polymer hydrogels are a rapidly developing group of materials, gaining wide application in different fields, such as pharmaceuticals, medicine, and agriculture. This chapter provides information and a classification of synthetic polymer hydrogels in accordance with their chemical structure, properties, and applications. Gels can be differentiated by the nature of cross-linking into: physical gels and chemical gels. Synthetic polymer hydrogels differ in their characteristics due to various chemical structures, synthesis technique, and water content or cross-linking. A change in chemical composition or even a change in one of the synthesis factors may lead to new intelligent biomaterials. Copolymerization/cross-linking free-radical polymerizations are commonly used to produce hydrogels by reacting hydrophilic monomers with multifunctional cross-linkers. Water-soluble linear polymers of both natural and synthetic origin are cross-linked to form hydrogels in a number of ways. The structural properties of gels make them useful for various kinds of applications such as sensors, contact lenses, artificial organs, and drug delivery systems.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiomedical applications of polymeric materials and composites
EditorsRaju Francis, D. Sakthi Kumar
Place of PublicationWeinheim (DE)
PublisherWiley-VCH Verlag
Pages141-162
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-527-69091-6, 978-3-527-69094-7, 978-3-527-69092-3, 978-3-527-69093-0, 978-3-527-69091-6
ISBN (Print)978-3-527-33836-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Oct 2016

Fingerprint

Hydrogels
Polymers
Gels
Artificial organs
Contact lenses
Biocompatible Materials
Free radical polymerization
Biomaterials
Drug products
Agriculture
Copolymerization
Water content
Medicine
Structural properties
Monomers
Water
Sensors
Chemical analysis
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Keywords

  • artificial organs
  • contact lenses
  • drug delivery system
  • free-radical polymerization
  • hydrophilic monomers
  • multifunctional cross-linker
  • synthetic polymer hydrogels
  • water-soluble linear polymers

Cite this

Kumar, A. C., & Erothu, H. (2016). Synthetic polymer hydrogels. In R. Francis, & D. S. Kumar (Eds.), Biomedical applications of polymeric materials and composites (pp. 141-162). Weinheim (DE): Wiley-VCH Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1002/9783527690916.ch6
Kumar, Anitha C. ; Erothu, Harikrishna. / Synthetic polymer hydrogels. Biomedical applications of polymeric materials and composites. editor / Raju Francis ; D. Sakthi Kumar. Weinheim (DE) : Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2016. pp. 141-162
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Kumar, AC & Erothu, H 2016, Synthetic polymer hydrogels. in R Francis & DS Kumar (eds), Biomedical applications of polymeric materials and composites. Wiley-VCH Verlag, Weinheim (DE), pp. 141-162. https://doi.org/10.1002/9783527690916.ch6

Synthetic polymer hydrogels. / Kumar, Anitha C.; Erothu, Harikrishna.

Biomedical applications of polymeric materials and composites. ed. / Raju Francis; D. Sakthi Kumar. Weinheim (DE) : Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2016. p. 141-162.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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KW - contact lenses

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Kumar AC, Erothu H. Synthetic polymer hydrogels. In Francis R, Kumar DS, editors, Biomedical applications of polymeric materials and composites. Weinheim (DE): Wiley-VCH Verlag. 2016. p. 141-162 https://doi.org/10.1002/9783527690916.ch6