Tailored fibro-porous structure of electrospun polyurethane membranes, their size-dependent properties and trans-membrane glucose diffusion

Ning Wang, Krishna Burugapalli, Wenhui Song*, Justin Halls, Francis Moussy, Yudong Zheng, Yanxuan Ma, Zhentao Wu, Kang Li

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this study was to develop polyurethane (PU) based fibro-porous membranes and to investigate the size-effect of hierarchical porous structure on permeability and surface properties of the developed electrospun membranes. Non-woven Selectophore PU membranes having tailored fibre diameters, pore sizes, and thickness were spun using electrospinning, and their chemical, physical and glucose permeability properties were characterised. Solvents, solution concentration, applied voltage, flow rate and distance to collector, each were systematically investigated, and electrospinning conditions for tailoring fibre diameters were identified. Membranes having average fibre diameters-347, 738 and 1102nm were characterized, revealing average pore sizes of 800, 870 and 1060nm and pore volumes of 44%, 63% and 68% respectively. Hydrophobicity increased with increasing fibre diameter and porosity. Effective diffusion coefficients for glucose transport across the electrospun membranes varied as a function of thickness and porosity, indicating high flux rates for mass transport. Electrospun PU membranes having significantly high pore volumes, extensively interconnected porosity and tailorable properties compared to conventional solvent cast membranes can find applications as coatings for sensors requiring analyte exchange.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-217
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume427
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2013

Bibliographical note

© 2013, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Keywords

  • Electrospinning process
  • Fibro-porous membranes
  • Glucose diffusion
  • Selectophore polyurethane

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