Technologies and developments of third generation biofuel production

Abed Alaswad, Michele Dassisti, T. Prescott, A.G. Olabi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Many authorities have reached the conclusion that using fossil fuels, as the main source of energy to satisfy the increasing global energy demand, is ultimately unsustainable. This is because of depleting resources, and also because, if this approach is followed, emissions of carbon dioxide would continue to build up. Consequently, research on biofuel, that is fuel made from biomass, derived from materials that were recently living, has attracted attention. In this context, the generation of biofuels from algae shows promise for the following reasons. The algae can be grown quickly, all the materials produced are non-toxic and biodegradable, and during this growth there is an opportunity to cause greenhouse gas fixation. Also, since growing algae does not need arable land, it can be grown without competing with food or feed crops, the fuel derived from it being a “third generation” biofuel.

This paper describes different types of algae (microalgae and seaweeds), and presents different technologies employed in making biofuels (biogas and biodiesel) from them.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1446-1460
JournalRenewable and sustainable energy reviews
Volume51
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2015

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Biofuels
Algae
Seaweed
Biogas
Biodiesel
Fossil fuels
Greenhouse gases
Crops
Carbon dioxide
Biomass

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Alaswad, Abed ; Dassisti, Michele ; Prescott, T. ; Olabi, A.G. / Technologies and developments of third generation biofuel production. In: Renewable and sustainable energy reviews. 2015 ; Vol. 51. pp. 1446-1460.
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Technologies and developments of third generation biofuel production. / Alaswad, Abed; Dassisti, Michele; Prescott, T.; Olabi, A.G.

In: Renewable and sustainable energy reviews, Vol. 51, 01.11.2015, p. 1446-1460.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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