The correlation between tests of visual function and perceived visual ability in central field loss patients

Charlotte A. Hazel, Richard A. Armstrong, K. Latham, Mark T. Benson

Research output: Unpublished contribution to conferencePosterpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the correlation between tests of visual function and perceived visual ability recorded with a 'quality-of-life' questionnaire for patients with central field loss. Method: 12 females and 7 males (mean age = 53.1 years; Range = 23 - 80 years) with subfoveal neovascular membranes underwent a comprehensive assessment of visual function. Tests included unaided distance vision, high and low contrast distance logMAR visual acuity (VA), Pelli-Robson contrast senstivity (at 1m), near logMAR word VA and text reading speed. All tests were done both monocularly and binocularly. The patients also completed a 28 point questionnaire separated into a 'core' section consisting of general questions about perceived visual function and a 'module' section with specific questions on reading function. Results: Step-wise multiple regression analysis was used to determine which visual function tests were correlated with the patients's perceived visual function and to rank them in order of importance. The visual function test that explains most of the variance in both 'core' score (66%0 and the 'module' score (68%) of the questionnaire is low contrast VA in the better eye (P<0.001 in both cases). Further, the module score also accounts for a significant proportion of the variance (P<0.01) of the distance logMAR VA in both the better and worse eye, and the near logMAR in both the better eye and binocularly. Conclusions: The best predictor of both perceived reading ability and of general perceived visual ability in this study is low contrast logMAR VA. The results highlight that distance VA is not the only relevant measure of visual fucntion in relation to a patients's perceived visual performance and should not be considered a determinant of surgical or management success.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusIn preparation - 1998
EventAnnual Meeting of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology - Fort Lauderdale, United States
Duration: 10 May 199815 May 1998

Other

OtherAnnual Meeting of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
CountryUnited States
CityFort Lauderdale
Period10/05/9815/05/98

Bibliographical note

Abstract published in Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 39(4), S841, 0146-0404.

Keywords

  • tests of visual function
  • perceived visual ability recorded
  • quality-of-life
  • questionnaire
  • central field loss

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