International tourism is considered an effective means of economic development. However, the effects of tourism are not evenly distributed between rural and urban households in China. In the wake of significant socioeconomic events, the uneven distribution of the economic effects has huge welfare implications for Chinese households. This study is the first attempt to evaluate the distributional effect of two large, recent, sequential events on China’s rural and urban households. It adopts an innovative approach that combines an econometric model and a two-household computable general equilibrium model. The results show that in terms of welfare, urban households were more adversely affected by the events than rural households. To mitigate the loss of welfare, measures should be taken to continually promote China as a destination and attract tourists after such events occur. Meanwhile, training and education should be made more accessible to rural households to increase their job opportunities.
Bibliographical note© Sage 2017. The final publication is available via Sage at http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0047287516667849
- Rural-urban divide
- Distributional effect
- Impact of events
- Econometric model
- Computable general equilibrium (CGE) model
Cao, Z., Li, S., Song, H., & Shen, S. (2017). The Distributional Effect of Events on Rural and Urban Households in China. Journal of Travel Research, 56(7), 881-892. https://doi.org/10.1177/0047287516667849