The Effect of Job-Related Demands and Resources on Service Employees’ Willingness to Report Complaints: Germany Versus China

Gianfranco Walsh, Zhiyong Yang, David Dose, Patrick Hille

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Service employees’ willingness to report complaints (WRC) is an important determinant of firms’ long-term growth. Despite its
importance, we know little about the factors that drive or hinder employees’ WRC. Drawing on the job demands-resources
(JDR) model, we propose job resources (supervisor support and employee empowerment) and job demands (perceived customer
unfriendliness and workload) as antecedents of WRC. We also examine the mediational role of organizational commitment
and customer orientation, and the moderating role of country, in the effect of JDR variables on WRC. Using data from
German and Chinese service employees, we show that supervisor support and workload positively affect WRC, whereas
employee empowerment and customer unfriendliness negatively affect it. Thus, contradictory to the prevailing assumption that
job resources help employees achieve work goals and that job demands inhibit their achievement, we show job resources (supervisor
support) and demands (workload) can enhance WRC, whereas other job resources (employee empowerment) and
demands (customer unfriendliness) have inhibiting effects. Organizational commitment and customer orientation mediate the
impact of all JDR variables on WRC except empowerment. Furthermore, supervisor support has a more positive, while empowerment
and customer unfriendliness have a more negative effect for German than for Chinese service employees. Service managers
may influence WRC by managing job resources, job demands, and employee-company and employee-customer interfaces.
Besides, employees from individualistic countries (Germany) are more sensitive to the JDR environment than those from collectivistic
countries (China). Thus, managing job resources and demands may reap more benefits in the form of enhanced WRC in
individualistic than in collectivistic countries.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-209
JournalJournal of Service Research
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2015

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complaint
job demand
employee
Personnel
China
resources
empowerment
Supervisory personnel
customer
customer ties
workload
Willingness
Complaints
Germany
Service employees
Resources
Job demands
Job resources
Employees
commitment

Cite this

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title = "The Effect of Job-Related Demands and Resources on Service Employees’ Willingness to Report Complaints: Germany Versus China",
abstract = "Service employees’ willingness to report complaints (WRC) is an important determinant of firms’ long-term growth. Despite itsimportance, we know little about the factors that drive or hinder employees’ WRC. Drawing on the job demands-resources(JDR) model, we propose job resources (supervisor support and employee empowerment) and job demands (perceived customerunfriendliness and workload) as antecedents of WRC. We also examine the mediational role of organizational commitmentand customer orientation, and the moderating role of country, in the effect of JDR variables on WRC. Using data fromGerman and Chinese service employees, we show that supervisor support and workload positively affect WRC, whereasemployee empowerment and customer unfriendliness negatively affect it. Thus, contradictory to the prevailing assumption thatjob resources help employees achieve work goals and that job demands inhibit their achievement, we show job resources (supervisorsupport) and demands (workload) can enhance WRC, whereas other job resources (employee empowerment) anddemands (customer unfriendliness) have inhibiting effects. Organizational commitment and customer orientation mediate theimpact of all JDR variables on WRC except empowerment. Furthermore, supervisor support has a more positive, while empowermentand customer unfriendliness have a more negative effect for German than for Chinese service employees. Service managersmay influence WRC by managing job resources, job demands, and employee-company and employee-customer interfaces.Besides, employees from individualistic countries (Germany) are more sensitive to the JDR environment than those from collectivisticcountries (China). Thus, managing job resources and demands may reap more benefits in the form of enhanced WRC inindividualistic than in collectivistic countries.",
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The Effect of Job-Related Demands and Resources on Service Employees’ Willingness to Report Complaints : Germany Versus China. / Walsh, Gianfranco; Yang, Zhiyong ; Dose, David; Hille, Patrick.

In: Journal of Service Research, Vol. 18, No. 2, 01.05.2015, p. 193-209.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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