Aim: Dysregulated glucose homeostasis is a hallmark of Type 2diabetes. A distinctive feature of ageing is the accumulation ofsenescent cells, defined as cells that have undergone irreversible lossof proliferative capacity. Characteristic of senescent cells is thesenescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) involving theproduction of factors which reinforce senescence arrest in neigh-bouring tissue environments. We hypothesise that SASP inducesmetabolic dysfunction in non-senescent cells, impairing glucosemetabolism and propagating insulin resistance. We sought todetermine the effect of SASP on glucose homeostasis in hepatic,adipose and skeletal muscle cell lines.
Methods: Human dermal fibroblasts were subjected to a geno-toxic dose of doxorubicin to induce senescence, confirmed using ab-galactosidase assay. Conditioned media containing SASP werecollected post 24h and 48h of inducing senescence and used at20% and 40% concentrations to treat AML-12 hepatocytes, 3T3-L1 adipocytes and C2C12 myocytes for 24h and 48h. Cells andmedia were collected and glucose and lipid concentrations weremeasured before and after the respective incubation periods.
Results: Cell media obtained from C2C12 myocytes exposed to40% SASP for 24h and 48h and AML-12 hepatocytes after 48hexhibited significantly higher concentrations of glucose in com-parison to control media (p < 0.0001, p < 0.05) suggesting areduced glucose uptake. Glucose utilisation remained unchanged in3T3-L1 cells.
Conclusion: Our data suggest an important role for SASP inaltering glucose homeostasis and identify SASP as a potentialmediator between ageing and the increase in age-related insulinresistance.
Special Issue: Abstracts of the Diabetes UK Professional Conference 2015, ExCeL London, 11–13 March 2015.