The Effects of Vibratory and Acoustic Stimulations on Postural Control in Healthy People: A Systematic Review

Roberta Minino, Antonella Romano, Emahnuel Troisi Lopez, Marianna Liparoti, Pierpaolo Sorrentino, Antonio Fratini*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Research on human posture and balance control has grown in recent years, leading to continued advances in their understanding. The ability to maintain balance is attributed to the interplay of the visual, vestibular, and somatosensory systems, although an important role is also played by the auditory system. The lack or deficit in any of these systems leads to a reduced stability that may be counterbalanced by the integration of all the remaining sensory information. Auditory and vibratory stimulation have been found to be useful to enhance balance alongside daily activities either in healthy or pathological subjects; nevertheless, while widely investigated, the literature relating to these approaches is still fragmented. This review aims at addressing this by collecting, organising, and discussing all the literature to date on the effects of the various acoustic and vibratory stimulation techniques available on static upright posture in healthy subjects. In addition, this review intends to provide a solid and comprehensive starting point for all the researchers interested in these research areas. A systematic search of the literature was performed and a total of 33 articles (24 on vibratory stimulation and 9 on acoustic stimulation) were included in our analysis. For all articles, several elements were highlighted including: the study sample, the characteristics of the stimulations, the recording instruments, the experimental protocols, and outcomes. Overall, both stimulations analysed were found to have a positive effect on balance but more research is needed to align those alternative approaches to the traditional ones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)643-659
Number of pages17
JournalAnnals of Biomedical Engineering
Issue number4
Early online date26 Jan 2023
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023

Bibliographical note

Copyright: © 2023, The Author(s). This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License []


  • Acoustic cues
  • Balance
  • Sensory stimulations
  • Upright stance
  • Vibrotactile cues


Dive into the research topics of 'The Effects of Vibratory and Acoustic Stimulations on Postural Control in Healthy People: A Systematic Review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this