The forgotten brand personality dimension

Iftakar Haji, Heiner Evanschitzky, Ian Combe, Andrew Farrell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aaker's (1997) brand personality framework has become influential across many streams of brand personality research, but it fails to capture an important dimension that reflects consumer's anxious feelings towards brands. Consumers are increasingly evaluating brands through expressions of negative emotive language. For example, the BP oil spillage in the Gulf of Mexico stimulated negative emotions among consumers. This paper is the first to thoroughly incorporate a brand personality dimension reflective of consumer anxious tense and frustrated feelings towards brands. From the extant literature we propose and define negative brand personality. Four adjacent studies were conducted to explore, purify and refine in what form negative brand personality traits exist among consumers. This paper concludes with a conceptual model detailing the antecedent constructs to negative brand personality and behavioral consequences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)442-453
Number of pages12
Journal[North American] Advances in Computer Research
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012


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