The higher-order factor structures of five personality inventories

Stephen A. Woods, Claire Hardy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examined the internal higher-order structures of five personality inventories (the Hogan Personality Inventory, the Occupational Personality Questionnaire, the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire, the Personality and Preferences Inventory, Profile Match). A sample of 356 individuals from the UK working population completed various combinations of the five inventories. Overall, the results indicated sensible and interpretable factor structures for the inventories. Cross-inventory factor analyses of the extracted factors revealed a variant of the Big Five model underpinning them, enabling examination of inventory convergence and divergence. Our study also examined and compared representations of the General Factor of Personality in each of the inventories. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)552-558
Number of pages7
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Issue number4
Early online date24 Dec 2011
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012


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