The impact of arms production on the South African manufacturing industry

Alvin Birdi, Paul Dunne, David S. Saal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The 1977 UN arms embargo was one of the main factors which led South Africa to establish a largely self sufficient import-substituting arms industry capable of meeting the apartheid state's demand for sophisticated weaponry. While macroeconomic studies suggest that high military spending had a damaging effect on economic growth, no studies have investigated the disaggregated impact of military expenditure on industrial development. This paper applies panel data methods to the Industrial Development Corporation's Sectoral Database in order to analyse the level effects of military spending.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)597-613
Number of pages17
JournalDefence and Peace Economics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2000


  • arms production
  • government spending
  • manufacturing
  • panel data


Dive into the research topics of 'The impact of arms production on the South African manufacturing industry'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this